Lamiaceae (mint) family
Where is it originally from?
What does it look like?
Trailing or straggling herb (occasionally subshrub) with stems covered in purple hairs that form runners and root at nodes. Hairy oval, textured leaves (5-12 x 3-7 cm) with serrated edges are in opposite pairs and are purple underneath below and dotted with glands. From December and August, erect stems (up to 30 cm tall) of tubular white flowers (1 cm long) with purple dots inside lower lip are produced, followed by small dark brown nutlets. No seed is produced in New Zealand.
Are there any similar species?
Mint species and Teucrium scorodonia are similar, but their leaves are mint-scented and aren't purple beneath.
Why is it weedy?
Creeps along the ground to form thick mats. Tolerates damp, moderate shade, and cool to high temperatures.
How does it spread?
Runners are the only method of spread, and are moved around in soil and with greenwaste dumping. Common in gardens
What damage does it do?
Forms dense mats, similar to tradescantia, that prevent seedlings of native species from establishing, leading to eventual thinning of the canopy and the area being opened up to invasion by other weedy vines and shrubs.
Which habitats is it likely to invade?
Damp shaded habitats, especially disturbed forest, shrubland, streamsides, river systems, fernland, and wetlands throughout New Zealand.
What can I do to get rid of it?
1. Pull up. Dispose of at refuse transfer station, burn or bury. This method can be used to minimise initial spray.
2. Spray (all year round): glyphosate (10ml/L + penetrant) or metsulfuron-methyl 600g/kg (10g/100L + penetrant) (spraygun) or (2g/10L + penetrant) (knapsack)) or or triclopyr 600 EC (30ml/10L) or triclopyr 120g/L (15ml/L).
3. Weed mat: leave 3-6 months.
What can I do to stop it coming back?
Followup within 3-6 months, and replant bare sites.