Zingiberaceae (ginger) family
Also known as
wild ginger, ginger lily
Where is it originally from?
What does it look like?
Non-woody, ginger-scented perennial to 2.5 m tall with massive taro-like rhizomes close to the surface that are long, shallow rooted, much branched, and grow over each other to form deep beds. Each rhizome segment (4 x 10 cm) usually produces an aerial stem each year. Stems grow to 2.5 m, and are erect, soft, unbranched, and thickening to a short pinkish 'collar' at the base. Leaves (50 x 10 cm) are alternate, shiny and point upwards. Flowerheads (15 x 10 cm) with cream coloured flowers overlapping in cone-like clusters are produced in May to June, but no fruit is produced.
Are there any similar species?
Hedychium gardnerianum, Canna species and Zingiber spectabile are all similar.
Why is it weedy?
Extremely shade-tolerant, and tolerates most soil types, good or poor drainage, and any fertility. It is also drought and frost tolerant once established. Long-lived, fast growing and forms deep rhizome beds. Rhizomes resprout from any fragment, and can survive years away from soil, crushing, and immersion in sea. No seed produced in New Zealand.
How does it spread?
Rhizomes spread outwards slowly, and fragments are spread by dumped vegetation, fill, soil movement, flooding, and contaminated machinery. Commonly found in gardens, tips, and on roadsides.
What damage does it do?
Dense rhizome beds form massive 'meadows', replacing all other species, and are shallow-rooted, so when they become heavy with rain they can cause slips on steep sites and streambanks. Succeeded only by weedy vines.
Which habitats is it likely to invade?
Most habitats (except dry rocky areas) downstream or adjacent to existing infestations, damp forest and margins, streamsides, river systems, shrublands, and fernland. Frost-tender but grows under canopy in cool forests.
What can I do to get rid of it?
1. Cut down and paint stump (all year round): cut above pink 'collar' at base and apply or glyphosate (250ml/L) or metsulfuron-methyl 600g/kg (1g /L). Leave stems and leaves on site to rot down.
2. Dig or pull out small plants (all year round). Do not compost, Leave on site to rot down or hang rhizomes in trees, as they survive indefinitely. Dry them out and burn them, or dispose of them at a refuse transfer station.
3. Spray dense patches away from roots of vulnerable species (all year round): metsulfuron-methyl 600g/kg (5g/10L knapsack). Add penetrant in winter. Don't replant sprayed sites for 6 months.
What can I do to stop it coming back?
Maintain rolling front. Eradication can be easily achieved.